As nouns the difference between rhizome and ginger is that rhizome is a horizontal underground stem of some plants that sends out roots and shoots from its nodes while ginger is the pungent aromatic rhizome of a tropical asian herb, (taxlink)), used as a spice and as a stimulant and acarminative or ginger can be (uk|cockney rhyming slang) a homosexual. Periblem consists of the initials of the cortex extending from the hypodemis to the endodermis. After confirming for the presence of fungal spores, isolation was done by tissue segment method … Once the lysogeny of the central cell is completed, the adjacent cells also lyse gradually in a basipetal manner, resulting in the widening of the duct lumen. In the root body two histogens could be distinguished: (1) the plerome concerned with the formation of stele and (2) the protoderm—periblem complex concerned with the formation of the outer shell to the stele including periblem and dermatogen. The protoderm—periblem complex is located outside the plerome and is composed of a single tier of cells. (Source: Shah and Raju, 1975a.). Anatomical Features of Ginger in Comparison with Related Taxa. The macroscopic and microscopic characters, physical constant values, extractive values, ash values and the behaviour of powder drug on treatment with different chemical regents, microchemical and histochemical analyses were conducted to characterize some pharmacognostical parameters of Curcuma amada linn. It is often called ginger root, or simply ginger. Adventitious roots and lateral growing points emerge from the nodes of the rhizome stem. Source: WikiMedia Commons (Venkatx5)[10], Source: United States Dispensatory (1918) [11], Ellipsoidal and irregular starch granules showing one constricted end observed at 400x with Acidified Chloral Hydrate Glycerol Solution. Rhizome, horizontal underground plant stem that is capable of producing the shoot and root systems of a new plant. Extractive values for ginger were recorded as alcohol 2.7% and water 2.1%, fresh and dried ginger rhizomes afforded, moisture content 72.63 ±0.09%, 10.03±0.09%, total ash 2.50 ±0.06%, 7.30±0.10%, acid insoluble ash 0.57±0.03%, 2.03±0.09%, and water soluble ash 1.23±0.03%, 3.87±0.09% respectively. In botany and dendrology, a rhizome (, from Ancient Greek: rhízōma "mass of roots", from rhizóō "cause to strike root") is a modified subterranean plant stem that sends out roots and shoots from its nodes. The shoot apex is 91 to 112 ^m in width and 134 to 167 ^m in height. Ginger composes novel phytochemical compounds and holds a special place, even today, in many traditional Indian and Chinese medicines for its disease preventing and health promoting properties. A. leaf consists of a leaf sheath, a ligule, and an elliptical—lanceolate blade. administered ginger rhizome powder in daily dosages of 50 and 100 mg/kg for 20 days, did not demonstrate any changes in morphology or weight of testes compared to c ontrol rats. Endodermis differentiates from the innermost periblem cells. [The] so-called white or Jamaica ginger is produced by carefully peeling the fresh rhizomes so that only the epidermis is removed, the cells immediately beneath the epidermis being the richest in volatile oil and resin. Raju and Shah (1977) also reported a similar observation in ginger and turmeric. Pinyin name(s): jiang; sheng jiang (fresh rhizome); gan jiang (dried rhizome); pao jiang (prepared rhizome); jiang pi (peel), The odor of ginger [rhizome] is aromatic and penetrating, the taste spicy, pungent, hot, and biting. The rhizome may be long and straight as in most species ofHedychium, it may also be branched as in Zingiber. It is sliced before drying. 4. To submit a suggestion or contribution, please contact Merle Zimmermann. Zingiber zerumbet Smith or wild ginger is remarkable for its inherent resistance to Pythium spp., which cause soft rot disease in Zingiber officinale Rosc. (Source: Shah and Raju, 1975.). Pungent, spicy ginger root is one of traditional root herb of culinary and medicinal importance. In primary tissues the oil duct development is schizogenous, whereas further development proceeds both schizogenously and lysigenously. Ginger is a gnarled rhizome that adds a distinctive sharp bite to baked goods and savory foods. 2. Upright-growing shoots are produced from the tips of lateral rhizome branches. Division of mother cell. Some of the cells are distinguishable from the rest by deeper stainability, smaller size, less or no vacuolation, and darkly stained nuclei. Ginger has been used throughout history as an aid for many for its gastrointestinal disturbances and to relieve inflamed joints (Katzer, 2007). Transec-tion of the rhizome reveals that the endodermoidal layer and the pericycle become meristematic and undergo periclinal and anticlinal divisions resulting in a group of root initials. This cell continues to divide, forming four to eight cells. Unlike in many monocots, in ginger rhizome there is a special meristematic layer along with the endodermoidal layer, and this layer consists of cambium-like cells. Additional weak zones may be present. They may vary from 18 to 32 ^m in length and 7 to 19 ^m in width. These properties gradually diminish, and are ultimately lost, by exposure. Plerome has at its tip a group of more or less isodiametric cells. Concurrent separation of the cells leads to the formation of an intercellular space bordered by parenchymal cells. As the phyllotaxy is distichous, this zone is opposite to pr1 in median longisections. Observations on the microscopic studies of the fresh rhizomes of turmeric and ginger revealed possession of oil duct and spiral xylem vessels. Quiescence and secretory stages are visible from the third month onward after planting. The rhizome is buff coloured, laterally compressed, bearing pper side, each sometimes having a depressed scar at the apex; the whole rhizomes are about 5-10 cm long, 1.5-3 cm or 4 cm wide and 1-1.5 cm thick, sometimes split longitudinally. Answer/Explanation: – ‘A’ shows the nodes of the rhizome of ginger. Zingiber officinale (rhizome) HPTLC ID - Anisaldehyde reagent, white RT, Zingiber officinale (rhizome) HPTLC ID - Anisaldehyde reagent, UV 366 nm, From AHPA Botanical Identity References Compendium, High Performance Thin Layer Chromatographic Identification, Köhler, Medizinal-Pflanzen in naturgetreuen Abbildungen und kurzerläuterndemTexte (1887), http://specimens.kew.org/herbarium/K001124208, http://caliban.mpiz-koeln.mpg.de/koehler/INGWER.jpg, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Zingiber_officinale.JPG, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ginger_Flower_vs.jpg, http://www.botanicalauthentication.org/index.php?title=Zingiber_officinale_(rhizome)&oldid=6995, Encyclopedia of Life http://eol.org/data objects/24891510, About AHPA Botanical Identity References Compendium. Any plant of a genus (Zingiber, especially Zingiber officinale) of tropical Asiatic and Polynesian herbs of a family (Zingiberaceae, the ginger family) with pungent aromatic rhizomes used as a condiment and as a stimulant and acarminative. Specialists in Science Images. 1 Bulletin of Health, Science and Technology BHST ISSN 0858-7531 Volume 14, Number 1, 2016 : 01-09 MICROSCOPIC INVESTIGATION OF CURCUMA PETIOLATA ROXB. Some older phloem parenchymal cells become lignified into thick phloem fibers. is one of the widely cultivated and consumed spices worldwide. Zones pr1 and pr2 show denser histological staining than cr and rr zones. Primary finger (first-order branch). In transections passing near the tip of the plerome dome, the initials can be distinguished as a compact mass of isodiametric cells surrounded by radiating rows of periblematic cells. Ginger is the dried rhizome of Zingiber officinale, Roscoe (N.O. What Can You Take To Boost Testosterone Levels, Natural Erectile Dysfunction Treatment System, The ginger plant is a herbaceous perennial grown as an annual crop. PubMed:Protective effect of ginger volatile oil against acetic acid-induced colitis in rats: a light microscopic evaluation. The first sieve tube element can be distinguished at a distance of 720 to 920 ^m from the shoot apex. The meristematic activity of the PTM is responsible for the initial increase in the width of the cortex. Mother rhizome. In the rhizome, oil cell initials are present in the meristematic region. In species of e.g. 1. (1961) named this meristematic region columellogen. The flower-stalk rises by the side of the stem from six inches to a foot, and, like it, is clothed with oval acuminate sheaths; but it is without leaves, and terminates in an oval, obtuse bracteal, imbricated spike. Pillai et al. The median longisection of this group of cells is in the shape of a cup with the rim forward. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or ginger, is widely used as a spice and a folk medicine. The roots of ginger are of two types, fibrous and fleshy. Ground sun-dried Jamaican ginger rhizome was treated with supercritical CO2 (density 0.415-0.775 g cm-3) over the pressure range 128-197 bar (1850-2850 psi) and temperature range of 50-65°C. The shoot apical organization and acropetal differentiation of procambial strands are closely related to the phyllotaxy. Rhizome. Except for the first few nodes, all the nodes have axillary buds. Microscopic examination is a conventional method for identification crude drugs. In ginger, all zones in the root apex are originated from a common group of initials. Standardized common name (English): ginger   These steps are a gradual process that occurs acropetally (Figure 2.7). In transections, the cells of the columella form a compact mass of polygonal cells in the center with the cells of the peripheral region arranged in radiating rows around it. Habit. The width of helical tracheids is less than that of scalariform tracheids. The internodal length of the rhizome branches ranges 0.1 to 1.5 cm, and varies even in a single branch. The PubMed: ... PubMed:Gastroprotective Effect of Ginger Rhizome (Zingiber officinale) Extract: Role of Gallic Acid and Cinnamic Acid in H(+), K(+) -ATPase/H. Quiescence: In the mature rhizome the ground parenchyma does not undergo further division and differentiation into the duct. Boesenbergia, Kaempferia, Globba and other low herbs the rhizome is mostly short. In the underground stem the nodes have scale leaves that ensheath and protect the axillary buds. The differentiation of procambial cells into vascular tissue takes place at different stages of rhizome growth. These ducts anastomose and appear branched in longitudinal section. From this layer inverted and irregularly distributed groups of xylem and phloem are formed along the intermediate layer. Between these fusiform initials, some cells show transverse divisions to form ray initials. Ginger root nutrition facts. B. O. Desalu 1 We recommend that this character be regarded as one of the bases for the identification of the ginger rhizome. In ginger all the underground branches show a negative geotropic response. It is the oldest rhizome widely domesticated as a spice. Just within the pericycle a number of very small vascular bundles are arranged in a ring. ii. I. The oil cell frequency was found to be 17.8/mm2 in ginger, whereas the corresponding frequency in the other species was 9.5, 5.3, and 2.8/mm2 in Z. zerumbet, Z. macrostachyum, and Z. roseum, respectively. The newly harvested ginger rhizome is yellow; it is called popularly "tender ginger" or "fresh ginger." Rhizomes are also called creeping rootstalks or just rootstalks. The salient features are given in Table 2.1, which presents the important anatomical similarities and differences among the four species: Z. officinale, Z. roseum, Z. zerumbet, and Z. macrostachyum. These cells are distinct in the dormant or early active rhizome apex and constitute latitudinal growth meristem. Tertiary finger (third-order branch). Macroscopical characters: (i) General appearance: Sympodial branching, horizontal rhizome. The buds on these primaries develop in turn into secondary tillers and their bases into secondary fingers. As this tiller grows, its base enlarges into a rhizome. Oct 2, 2016 - Science Image of Ginger rhizome showing oil globules from PS MicroGraphs. However, intercropping ginger with 24074 maize plants per hectare produced ginger rhizome yield of 10.84 tonnes ha-1 which was significantly (P ≤ 0.05) comparable with highest rhizomes yields of 14.08 tonne sha-1 obtained in sole ginger crop (P≤ 0.05). dried ginger rhizomes afforded, moisture content 72.63 ±0.09%, 10.03±0.09%, total ash 2.50 ±0.06%, 7.30±0.10%, acid insoluble ash 0.57±0.03%, 2.03±0.09%, and water soluble ash 1.23±0.03%, 3.87±0.09% respectively. Fingerprint of the cortex are numerous oil cells and reach the secretory stage, in length and 7 19. The information and filled in the cortex are numerous oil cells and reach secretory... Partially or entirely enclosed in a ring when a rhizome of helical is. Width and 134 to 167 ^m in width, and varies even in a sheath of septate fibers, further. Development of the rhizome can be identified closed vascular bundles are collateral, closed bundles... 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