Related: Types of Spice Racks | Mega-List of Herbs | Mega list of condiments. Spice, a word that refers to any dried part of a plant, other than the leaves used as a flavoring content in making food, recipes, for taste purpose but not the main ingredient. It is often used together with cinnamon due to the similar pungent fragrance and a subtle sweet taste. The intense color of this spice gives curries and other dishes a beautiful golden shade and a strong flavor that greatly intensifies the overall taste of any dish. It also plays a key role in Ayurvedic medicine. It is also known by other names like Indian Saffron and Yellow Ginger. Kaffir Lime Leaves - The deep green, zesty leaf of the kaffir lime ground into a … As the name suggests, this spice sports a mid-brown color. Onion powder comes from dried and dehydrated onion bulbs and is commonly used as a seasoning for soups, stews, rice dishes and many others for that extra onion-ey kick of flavor. Below is our mega list of spices every kitchen needs. Some of its most distinctive characteristics include the intense fragrance coupled with the unique ridged brown seeds. These spice seeds come in a variety of colors like black, brown, and yellow, and are often used interchangeably in most cuisines. spices herbs indian food food pepper cooking tea space cinnamon coffee salt Markus Spiske. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Latin name: Languas galangal or Alpinia galanga. Others were imported from similar climates and have since been cultivated locally for centuries. The sumac spice is greatly featured in a variety of different cuisines and dishes due to its tart, lemony flavor that is not as overwhelming as a lemon itself. Melissa Petruzzello is Assistant Editor of Plant and Environmental Science and covers a range of content from plants, algae, and fungi, to renewable energy and environmental engineering. Learn a list of Spices with Urdu and Hindi with PDF. They pair well with starchy foods like flatbreads, green beans, root vegetables and legumes. Here you can find the picture dictionary of herbs and spices. This spice is typically dry-roasted or fried in oil which allows it to develop a complex aroma and a subtle taste. This spice is also known as “Chinese Cinnamon” and is often confused with the other ‘true’ cinnamon; however, it is actually a member of the pea family. The flavor of red chili powder is considered to be extremely pungent with a very distinct spice kick that adds great heat to dishes. This spice greatly aids in digestion and also helps with rheumatism and flatulence. Spices are very essential to learn especially if you are into cooking, we are going to focus on a list of spices which are commonly used […] Many people also use it as a treatment for appetite loss and respiratory distress. Generally, this particular variety comes from Spain, Iran, and Kashmir. Search our wide variety of flavors and find your next favorite spice! Turmeric is yet another incredibly famous Indian spice with a mix of bitter, spicy flavor. Turmeric consumption goes as far back as 4000 years to the Vedic culture in India, where it held significant religious importance and was also popularly used for culinary purposes. Either way, it adds a smoky touch to any dish and tastes absolutely delicious. Spices come from the root, bark or seeds of a plant. Aromatic ingredient for rice and other Indian dishes. It is often used as a seasoning in soups, stews, rice dishes and many other dishes. It has several medicinal uses and acts as an excellent digestive aid, as well as a treatment for muscle aches and toothache. This popular spice comes from an annual flowering plant that is native to south and southwest Asia. More on Fresh Culinary H erbs. Corrections? They consist of a nutty bittersweet flavor that is more towards the pungent side. It is also a very common ingredient that is often used in spice mixes and seasoned salts. Spices are what takes an ordinary dish to a whole new extraordinary level. Biryani Spices List, Names, Pictures, Health Benefits For the past few months, I have been sharing varieties of (Vegetarian)Veg biryani recipes in my blog under “Sunday Lunch Recipes”. A handy list of herbs and spices and their uses. This list does not contain fictional plants such as aglaophotis, or recreational drugs such as tobacco.. Don't forget to sprinkle freshly chopped herbs on the finished dish. Black cumin seeds are popularly used in the Polish cuisine, as well as Middle Eastern and Indian cuisines. Add it to stews, soups, and desserts for depth of flavor. It is native to North Africa, western Asia and Europe. However, many of its cultivars spread to most parts of the world. Fresh Herbs - Flavor and Uses: Coriander is probably the most ubiquitous of spices in the Indian spice rack. It is especially common with chicken-based dishes. Surprisingly, cayenne peppers are considered to be the ‘king’ of medicinal herbs, especially due to the fact that they have been used since ancient times to treat a variety of health problems and ailments. This suggests that in ancients, cloves were also used as mouth fresheners instead of breath mints that are typically used today. A must-have for Italian cooking, basil pairs deliciously with other staples like thyme, garlic, … Cloves contain a very distinctive kind of a sweet smell with an equally sweet-spicy flavor. It is popular for its nutty and earthy flavor that consists of a subtle spice kick and some hints of lemon. Though poppy seeds are commonly cooked along with baked goods, they can also be used as condiments to add a sweet, fruity flavor. Black cumin has several medicinal uses including curing allergies, asthma, headaches, toothaches and indigestion problems. As a spice, garlic is used in the form of garlic powder which is just ground, dehydrated garlic. Also known as wild cumin, Caraway is a biennial plant that belongs to the Apiaceae family. From sweet to savory to spicy, we have all the flavors you need to elevate your next meal. Also known as anise seed and sweet cumin, Anise is a flowering plant that is native to Southwest Asia and the eastern Mediterranean region. Cinnamon is most popularly used as a flavorful and a highly aromatic condiment in a number of cuisines, and a variety of sweet and savory dishes. Some of the most common dishes that star this spice as its main ingredient are masala chai, Vietnamese pho, and the French mulled wine called vin chaud, which translates to hot wine in English. This is a famous hot chili pepper that is related to other hot peppers like jalapeno. Some of garlic’s extraordinary medicinal uses include cancer prevention, treatment for respiratory conditions, high blood pressure, and low cholesterol levels. Needless to say, curry powder is a primary ingredient in curry dishes, but it can also be used to flavor many stews, marinades, and meats. Charlotte May. Ajwain - Typically ground, these seeds have a strong fragrance with thyme and cumin undertones. Vicky Tran. This incredible spice is popular for its beautiful, purple color and a tangy flavor that is highly characteristic of vinegar or lemon. Since it comes from the same family as ginger, it consists of a similar taste as that of ginger; however, the galangal spice has a piney cactus-flavor profile. This will include descriptions and pictures, which will help you understand what each type of spice is and their common uses in the kitchen. They are used in Asian, Ethiopian, North Indian, Iranian, North Indian and Pakistani cuisines. Fenugreek is largely cultivated in the Near East and it is widely believed that the Romans used to flavor their wine with this spice during the first century AD. The use of mustard seeds as a condiment dates back to ancient times during the Roman era. Spices, like all foods, have a distinct shelf life and will go bad. Black cardamom, on the other hand, consists of a very strong smoky flavor so it is often used in spicy rice dishes and curries. What’s the difference between herbs and spices? Star anise is also known by several other names like Chinese Star Anise, Badiane, and Star anise seed. Download Herbs and spices stock photos. Some incredible benefits of this spice include enhanced metabolism, lowered blood pressure, ease of digestion, pain relief, reduced risk of cancer and decreased hunger. This spice is popularly used in sweets and desserts like custards, puddings and cakes, as well as in savory dishes like soups, soufflés, sauces, etc. Ajwain seeds are excellent mixed with lemon and garlic with fish dishes.Allspice - This individual spice is commonly confused as a spice mixture. Find spices with names stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Garlic is probably the most popular and common spice seasoning that is used in almost every cuisine found in the whole world. Basil. Spice name and images with relavent nacessary vocabulary notes, hope that way you will enjoy learning spice name and spice vocabulary Crushed red pepper has a distinctively fruity, yet spicy flavor, … Interestingly though, this spice is also used to make ‘fake’ maple syrup that a lot of people believe tastes the same as the actual maple syrup. The list here pertains to spices only. It is believed to be native to Jamaica, Honduras, and Guatemala. Just like other peppers belonging to the same family, red chili peppers also provide numerous health benefits like relief from pain, congestion, and colds. Since ancient Greece times, pepper has been a much cherished and prestigious spice because it was used as both, a currency, as well as, a sacred offering. There are two types of cardamom that are typically used in Indian cooking, as well as all over the world: Green and Black. Cayenne peppers are typically red-colored peppers that are packed with a lot of heat and a spicy kick of flavor. Mint is a family of small plants with a strong taste and smell.It is used most often to make tea, jellies and sweets or candy.Most chewing gums, toothpastes and breath fresheners are mint flavoured. Allspice is very popular in Jamaican cuisines, most notably being featured in the Jamaican jerk chicken. Caraway seeds have long been associated with a multitude of health benefits that include relief from constipation, ease of digestion, cholesterol reduction, and treatment for cramps. Ginger is a herbaceous perennial that has originated from Islands of Southeast Asia and was later transported throughout the Indo-Pacific. Mustard seeds are often grounded to a paste to be used in curries and stews whereas whole seeds are used for pickling purposes. Apple launched the trend toward food-oriented baby names, with lots of tasty names joining the menu. Isn’t it absolutely incredible how there is such a vast variety of delicious spices that are found all over the world? Maria Orlova. Fenugreek seeds are often used as whole or even in powdered form mainly in vegetable dishes, spice mixes, pickles, lentil-based recipes, etc. The first is Bitter Fennel which has a licorice-like aroma and a slightly sweet flavor profile. She has her M.S.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Black pepper consists of a very unique spicy taste and is typically used to provide a subtle heat kick to numerous recipes and dishes. This spice is an annual herb that belongs to the family Apiaceae and is commonly known by many other names like bishop’s weed and ajowan caraway. Mint is often used in sweets, biscuits or cookies along with chocolate. The flavor of this spice is very unique and is said to be very intense, which is one of the reasons why it is used in such small quantities. https://recipes.howstuffworks.com/food-facts/spice-pictures.htm Cassia bark is commonly grown and produced in Indonesia, China, and Burma and is perfect for homemade tea blends or spice blends. The length of that shelf life depends on how the spices are cared for. It is native to South Asia, Central Asia, and Southwestern Siberia. spice Photos. Indian spices names in English, This post help with learning Different Types of Spices names, it's most important for Indian foods, it's also called masala. This spice is also known as the “Queen of Spices” in India, its country of origin. Crushed Red Pepper. Allspice is a berry that has combined flavors of pepper, nutmeg, and cinnamon. Saffron is basically the stigma of crocus flowers which is typically picked by hand. List of spices is where we will be having an informative look at everyday spices. Cardamom has a strong, pungent flavor that has subtle hints of lemon and mint. Now that you know some of the most common and popular spices, you will be able to identify them in most of your foods and dishes! Back to all Spices & Flavors Spices (75) Welcome to the world of McCormick spices! You can test the vocabulary when doing the practice exercises on the next page. Allspice comes from Pimenta dioic which is an evergreen tree that belongs to the myrtle family. The dried and powdered form of chili peppers is called what you typically refer to as ‘chili powder’. Look for the predominate ingredient in your dish and flavor with fresh herbs and spices accordingly. Anise is widely used as a treatment for coughs, sore throat, indigestion, flatulence, and sleeplessness. As the name suggests, Allspice is a combination of all other spices and features an amazing combination of cinnamon, nutmeg, pepper, and cloves. https://www.thespruceeats.com/herb-and-spice-gallery-4121888 Fenugreek, Coriander, Cardamom, Pepper, Clove meaning in Hindi and Urdu. While you may already know about the importance of spices, did you know that a massive variety of spices is found in this world? Pixabay. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). They are now commonly grown in Europe and North America in great abundance. Mega List of 33 Types of Spices Every Kitchen Needs (Photos & Charts). Saffron is often used as a sedative as well as a treatment for dry skin, menstrual symptoms, and asthma. This spice has complex undertones but mostly consists of a smoky flavor coupled with a mildly sweet and earthy taste. Coriander. To give it a good start have a look at the list of herbs, spices and other food flavourings. Ginger has long been associated with numerous health and medicinal benefits and has majorly been used as a digestive aid and to treat the common cold, flu, and cough. Spices also led to the great Age of Exploration, as well as to the ultimate discovery of the New World. The fact that the production of saffron is the most labor-intensive of all is one of the main reasons why it is more valuable than gold in terms of weight and is so expensive. The Romans used to grind these seeds into a paste and mix them with wine. The fenugreek seeds are small, caramel-colored, pebble-shaped wheat kernels that are extremely popular for their taste and aroma in Middle Eastern and Indian cuisines. This is the outer covering of the nutmeg seed and is said to be a more pungent version of nutmeg, with a combination of pepper and cinnamon kind of flavor. Ajwain seeds are small and oval-shaped and greatly resemble many other spice seeds including cumin, caraway, and fennel. They are commonly divided into the categories of spices, spice seeds, and herbs.… Like chili pepper and cayenne pepper, paprika is also a type of pepper that belongs to the same family. Star anise is widely featured in the Indian, Chinese, Indonesian, and Malaysian cuisines and is mostly grown in China, India, and Asia. Related Images: food cinnamon spice pepper cooking herbs garlic kitchen healthy spices Galangal root powder comes from galangal, which is an East Asian tropical shrub. An interesting historical fact about cloves is that before approaching their Emperor, the Chinese had to have a few cloves in their mouth as a way of sweetening their breath. This spice was initially very popular in Europe even before the spice trade that began in Asia. Also called “the fish herb” in Italy and France, Fennel seed is found in two main varieties. The best type of saffron is the one that has a beautiful and rich dark red color. Ground fennel is widely featured in dishes originating from Scandinavia, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean. East Asian Spices. Lately, turmeric has been gaining extensive popularity as ‘the golden spice’ and is now being featured in drinks like ‘the golden latte’. Green cardamom is used more commonly than its black counterpart and has a very light and sweet flavor. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. But very often, especially in case of non-Indian recipes, I’m at a loss when it comes to the ingredients (mostly spices) that they use. This is a list of herbs and spices, ordered alphabetically by common name. It has an extremely pungent flavor that is less delicate when compared to that of the true cinnamon. Allspice. It is often used in desserts and sweet drinks. Garlic consumption, however, goes back several thousand years to ancient Egyptian where it was commonly as food flavoring as well as in medicine. Although nutmeg is popularly used in baking and cold beverages, it is also an excellent addition to hearty dishes like mutton and lamb recipes, vegetable stews, etc. Interestingly, it is a very versatile spice so it can be used to intensify both sweet and savory flavors. The use and consumption of spices began as early as the 3500 BC by ancient Egyptians to flavor their food and give it added zest and aroma. Also, according to historical evidence, fennel was hung over doorways to ward off evil spirits, especially during the Middle Ages era. I hope many of you had found it useful and tried them too. Tej Patta. Olenka Sergienko. This spice comes from a medium-sized evergreen tree that is native to Southwest China and to northeast Vietnam. Garlic powder is commonly used in pasta, grilled chicken, salad dressings, curries and rice recipes – to name a few. Indian spices include a variety of spices grown across the Indian subcontinent (a sub-region of South Asia).With different climates in different parts of the country, India produces a variety of spices, many of which are native to the subcontinent. https://www.britannica.com/topic/list-of-herbs-and-spices-2024392. The difference in color primarily results from the varying developmental stages. The other variety is Sweet Fennel, which, as the name suggests has a really sweet, nutty aroma and taste. Nutmeg comes from a tropical evergreen tree that is native to Moluccas Island in Indonesia, where it is also cultivated in abundance, as well as in West Indies. It is often also used in desserts and sweet treats that call for a subtle spice kick. Along with Clementine and Rosemary, other food names in the US Top 1000 include Angelica, Charlotte, … Maarten van den Heuvel. NEOSiAM 2020. Latin name: Capsicum annuum or frutescens. Can you imagine a world without spices? Cardamom has quite a rich history behind it in terms of its medicinal properties and has been used since ancient times as a digestive aid, as well as to treat inflammatory and respiratory conditions. this … Most people prefer using freshly grounded cumin in curry recipes and vegetable dishes to get the most of that intense, nutty –spicy flavor. Galangal was first introduced in Europe back in the 9th century after which the spice started gaining significant popularity in the culinary world. This has to be the oldest known spice that dates back to written records found during the 5th century. Its flavor is also described by many people as peppery and fierce with hints of lemon. this … It is mainly cultivated and produced in India and Iran. Some incredible health benefits of nutmeg include indigestion relief, diarrhea control, and appetite loss. This spice is also quite popular in the culinary world where it may be either used in its fresh form or as dried powder on casseroles, curries, cheese dishes, stews and meat-based dishes. Similar to cayenne peppers, Chili peppers come from the plants of the genus Capsicum and are commonly used in food dishes for that extra spice and heat kick. Cumin can be used as a whole or in a grounded form. It is most commonly used in dishes like curries, stews, cheese dishes, or often simply sprinkled on salads for that added kick and texture. Apr 22, 2020 - Indian spices names in English, This post help with learning Different Types of Spices names, it's most important for Indian foods, it's also called masala. Fresh mint can be added to drinks, salads or as a garnish on many meals. Whole cloves are often used in curries and other liquids since they also provide quite an aesthetic appeal while ground cloves are popularly used in a variety of sweet treats. This fusion of spices gives it a mixture of sweet-spicy-pungent taste which is why it is popularly used in several food dishes for that intense depth of flavor. Many cuisines involve the use of fresh ginger for making a variety of dishes like curries, rice, soups, stews, etc. Moreover, it is believed to have the ability to treat depression and arthritis. Soon enough, the use and production of spices spread throughout the Middle East, all the way to Europe, the eastern Mediterranean, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and China. This is another fairly common Indian spice that was first found being traded at a port in Sri Lanka somewhere during 900-1100 CE. It is best planted in early Spring, and again in Autumn in warmer areas. Although cassia bark looks almost the same as cinnamon, it is actually very different and is used more often in savory dishes, especially in China. Fennel was greatly prized in ancient times, particularly by Greeks and Romans who mainly used it in their food and for its medicinal properties. Some common medicinal uses of ajwain include relief from indigestion, nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting. Latin name: Trachyspermum ammi or Carum copticum. These spices are individual spices, but a lot of times in the spice rack of your grocery store, you would find spice mixes like garam masala, chole masala, rajma masala, goda masala, nihari masala, 5-spice panch phoran spice mix etc. It comes from the berries of the pepper plant and you would typically also find white and green colored peppercorns. Zeera, Elaichi, Ajwain, Kalonji, Dhanya meaning in English. It can then be used as a flavored condiment for grilled chicken, pasta, pizza, etc. Karolina Grabowska. The aroma and taste of cinnamon are quite similar to the spice cassia bark and is usually described as soft and sweet with a distinctive spice kick. You may also find this spice being used in deserts, casseroles, and caraway seed cakes. Most of Indian recipes on the Internet mention the spice name in hindi and english both. The word ‘sumac’ is believed to have come from the Old French during the period of the 13th century which translates to ‘red’ in the English language. Black pepper has originated from India, particularly from the Malabar region and the Western Ghats. This spice consists of a warm, fruity flavor, and a sweet aroma which is why they are also featured in a variety of tea blends and tisanes. It is like eating food that has no salt in it. The largest cultivation and production of cinnamon comes from China and Indonesia, however, its consumption dates far back as the 2000 BC. Spice and herb, parts of various plants cultivated for their aromatic, pungent, or otherwise desirable substances.Spices and herbs consist of rhizomes, bulbs, barks, flower buds, stigmas, fruits, seeds, and leaves. Download Indian spices stock photos. Some of its medical benefits include relief from muscle spasms and flatulence. Star anise is basically used as a less expensive substitute of anise in the culinary world and also in liquor production. In ancient times, sometime around the 1600s, nutmeg became an expensive commercial spice in the Western world and was commonly used by the Dutch as a subject to keep prices high. 4,055 Free images of Spices. It is often confused with the spice anise due to the similarity of name, flavor profile, and shape; however, they are still quite different. These seeds consist of a bitter, pungent taste and a very aromatic smell which is similar to that of the herb, thyme. Anise was first cultivated in the Middle East and regions of Egypt, after which it gained significant medicinal value in Europe. Crushed red pepper has a distinctively fruity, yet spicy flavor, and is commonly used as a condiment on pizzas and salads. Each of the spices on this list has its own distinct flavor and uses. Herbs come from the leaves of a plant [source: Thekitchn]. Best known as the most expensive spice in the world, Saffron greatly stands out due to its highly distinctive taste and the incredible orange-maroonish color. Its flavor is also said to be very warm, with a kick of lemony sweetness, so many people prefer to use it in place of nutmeg, especially in light-colored dishes. Some of its amazing medicinal uses include using it as laxatives or for congestion relief. Saffron is also very famous for its floral, honey-like fragrance that provides an incredible aromatic smell to any food dish. Botanical Name of Spices, Common Name of Spices, Family Name of Spices, Part Used As Spice, List of Indian Spices, Names of Spices with Pictures, Hindi Names of Spices, Spices Names in Urdu Bay Leaf. Also used as part of spice … Karolina Grabowska. This is primarily due to the numerous health benefits that are associated with this spice, for instance, it is loaded with anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, and it can prevent cancer. 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