Because of this, and due to Thomas’ use of the definite article twice in the Greek as it reads in John 20:28, some scholars have questioned whether Thomas actually meant the second phrase to be applied to Jesus.  : ℓ339 καὶ ἀπεκρίθη ὁ Θωμᾶς, καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ, Ὁ Κύριός μου καὶ ὁ Θεός μου. Bible in Basic English 20:28 And Thomas said in answer, My Lord and my God! John 20 Commentary; F B HOLE. John 20 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, originally published in four parts, is a digest of vatious readings and marginal references John 20:28 . John 20:27 John 20:29 John 20:28. This verse is one of the most used proof verses for the Trinity, so is the smoking gun verse for the Trinity? The words that Thomas’ spoke to Jesus literally mean ‘the Lord of me and the God of me’. However, this is not the construction Thomas used at John 20:28. He does not record Thomas as saying, "the Lord and God of me." John 20:28 • John 20:28 NIV • John 20:28 NLT • John 20:28 ESV • John 20:28 NASB • John 20:28 KJV • John 20:28 Commentaries • John 20:28 Bible Apps • John 20:28 Biblia Paralela • John 20:28 Chinese Bible • John 20:28 French Bible • John 20:28 German Bible Interlinear Bible Bible Hub The first [day] of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre. What does John 20:28 mean? John 20 Commentary; F B HOLE. With the confession of Thomas we have a supreme christological pronouncement, a tremendously advanced expression of faith which, despite its utter brevity, constitutes the ultimate statement in high Christology. This case is what makes a simple recitation of a name like “Fred” different from speaking to someone, or saying “Fred!” These criti… 20:28 And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God. All Believers were called "GODS and Sons of GOD" (Psalm 82:6) in the Bible. Jesus is called God by Thomas and Jesus didn’t rebuke or correct him. It records Jesus ' reappearance to the disciples … John did not use this "one person" language structure when he wrote John 20:28. John 20 - Now on the first [day] of the week Mary Magdalene went to the tomb early, while it was still dark, and saw [that] the stone had been taken away from the tomb. Isaiah saw God’s glory, presumably in a vision given the logistics of seeing God in heaven on the throne while at the same time standing in the Temple and seeing the train of His robe. Exodus 33:18. Acts 20:28. (2) OMIT και : א, B, (3) ο θωμας : א Someone pointed out the other day that the only time Jesus is directly addressed in the nominative κυριος as opposed to the vocative κυριε is in Thomas’ declaration, “My Lord and my God” (John 20:28, ο κυριος μου και ο θεος μου). John 20.28, no matter which variant or MS one chooses, is categorically secure for referring to Jesus as θεός. The Father may well be the referent in John 20:28. Ex 4:16, 7:1 where Moses is God to Pharaoh and Aaron). If we look at John 20:28 we will see that there is really no significant question as to what the original text was, as far as the scholars are concerned. In the Greek of John 20:28, Thomas did not merely say theos; he said ho theos mou, literally “the god of me.” This has some problematic implication, and can be understood in at least three different ways: (A) Only Jesus is God. Douay Rheims In the Greek of John 20:28, Thomas did not merely say theos; he said ho theos mou, literally “the god of me.” This has some problematic implication, and can be understood in at least three different ways: (A) Only Jesus is God. Jesus denied to be GOD Almighty. Thomas used the construction which Greek speakers used to refer to two persons. Retail: $22.99. John 20:28--"Thomas answered and said to Him, 'My Lord and my God!'" The simplistic fact that Thomas was speaking to Jesus does not mean he was identifying Jesus with a title. Thomas used the construction which Greek speakers used to refer to two persons. Retail: $49.99. John Gill's Exposition of the Bible John 20:28. Please consider donating. Jesus is called God by Thomas and Jesus didn’t rebuke or correct him. Ex 4:16, 7:1 where Moses is God to Pharaoh and Aaron). NIV The Journey Bible: Revealing God and How You Fit into His Plan, Softcover. However, this is not the construction Thomas used at John 20:28. Therefore, Jesus is QEOS to Thomas in a relative sense as the Father is QEOS to Jesus (John 20:17; cf. John 20:28 My Lord and My God; John 20:29 Believing Without Seeing; John 20:31 The Chief Purpose of the Gospel; MATTHEW HENRY. In other words, the Father is not God. Moses saw God’s back in Exodus 33:23. Thomas, the Disciple, called Jesus "My Lord and my God" (John 20:28). Acts 20.28 involves two distinct textual problems of which at least nine variants (seven and two respectively) exist. John is using a way of speaking at verse 20:28 that qualifies QEOS by the use of MOU. ... Jhn 20:28 - And Thomas answered and said to Him, ... (Hebrew/Greek Search by English Definition) [?] 102. * - John, 20:28, NASB. John 20:28 in all English translations. It is part of a description of what the book says is Jesus ' reappearance to the disciples, including Thomas, eight days after his resurrection. Therefore, Jesus is QEOS to Thomas in a relative sense as the Father is QEOS to Jesus (John 20:17; cf. John 20:28 And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God. The words that Thomas’ spoke to Jesus literally mean ‘the Lord of me and the God of me’. If one wanted to refer to one person he would say, "the Lord and God of me." Bible / Our Library / Bible Commentaries / John Gill's Exposition of the Bible / John / John 20 / John 20:28; Share Tweet. KJV with Strong's Statement: Thomas' words to Jesus in Greek literally read, "the Lord of me and the God of me." John 20 Commentary; DAVID HOLWICK. Someone pointed out the other day that the only time Jesus is directly addressed in the nominative κυριος as opposed to the vocative κυριε is in Thomas’ declaration, “My Lord and my God” (John 20:28, ο κυριος μου και ο θεος μου). Greek horaô, Strong’s #3708. Greek New Testament Dot Net © 2011 - 2020 . Here is the issue. 1:14), was crucified and risen, and now in John 20:28 is acknowledged Lord and God. καὶ ἀπεκρίθη Ὁ Θωμᾶς καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ ὁ κύριός μου καὶ ὁ θεός μου, ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ 20:28 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort 1881, ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ 20:28 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants], ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ 20:28 Greek NT: RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005, ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ 20:28 Greek NT: Greek Orthodox Church, ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ 20:28 Greek NT: Tischendorf 8th Edition, ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ 20:28 Greek NT: Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894, ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ 20:28 Greek NT: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550. "GOD" in the Bible also means master, leader, priest. We are in need of financial support. This is true in both Greek and English. Multiverse Retrieval. They say we can know this because John does not describe Thomas using the special Greek case for direct address called “the vocative case.” In English this case is implied in the context of a sentence while in Greek you identify it through spelling. The Granville Sharp first rule was the result of research by a man named Granville Sharp. John 20:28 . John 20:27 John 20:29 John 20:28. In the Greek in John 20:28 Thomas said to Jesus, "ho kurios mou, kai ho theos mou," "The Lord of me, and the God of me." ο θωμας και ειπεν αυτω˙ ο κς μου και ο ΘC Î¼Î¿Ï Furthermore, when using the term " Lord " (at least) in address to another person, a different form of the NT Greek word is used than the form found at John 20:28 (ho kurios mou). For convenience’ sake, the viable options are as follows: Three verses after the account about Thomas, John explained that he wrote so that people “may believe that Jesus is the Christ the Son of God”—not that he is God.—John 20:17, 28, 31. Jesus said he was greater than Moses. This brings us to Smart's Rule as discussed on B-Greek. With the confession of Thomas we have a supreme christological pronouncement, a tremendously advanced expression of faith which, despite its utter brevity, constitutes the ultimate statement in high Christology. ὁ κύριός μου καὶ ὁ θεός μου. Πρὸς Θεσσαλονικεῖς Βʹ. This Logos became flesh and dwelt among us (Jn. NIV Zondervan Study Bible, hardcover. "GOD" in the Bible also means master, leader, priest. All Believers were called "GODS and Sons of GOD" (Psalm 82:6) in the Bible. Darby's English Translation 20:28 Thomas answered and said to him, My Lord and my God. This Logos became flesh and dwelt among us (Jn. Our Price: $19.99 Save: $30.00 (60%) Buy Now. Bible / Our Library / Bible Commentaries / John Gill's Exposition of the Bible / John / John 20 / John 20:28; Share Tweet. Thomas answered and said to Him, “My Lord and my God! 1:14), was crucified and risen, and now in John 20:28 is acknowledged Lord and God. John is using a way of speaking at verse 20:28 that qualifies QEOS by the use of MOU. Other critics claim that the language Thomas used was not an address to Jesus but rather a prayer or exclamation to God the Father. It read, “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.” 20 Many of the Jews read this inscription, for s the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in Aramaic, in Latin, and in Greek. In this key verse, the question is whether the Greek word ho is in the original of ho theos (the God). ὁ κύριος μου καὶ ὁ θεός μου. The Greek grammar and content does not prove that anyone was being addressed “as God” at John 20:28. American Standard Version 20:28 Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God. The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, … John 20:28 My Lord and My God; John 20:29 Believing Without Seeing; John 20:31 The Chief Purpose of the Gospel; MATTHEW HENRY. Rather, he used the language structure used by Greek speakers to refer to two persons, "the Lord of me and the God of me." Daily Dose of Greek 2825 Lexington Road Louisville, KY 40280 United States (US) Email: [email protected] Πρὸς Θεσσαλονικεῖς Αʹ, 14. Our … Spiros Zodhiates, The Complete Word Study Dictionary, (Chattanooga, TN:AMG Publishers, 1993), p. 1054-1055. Daily Dose of Greek 2825 Lexington Road Louisville, KY 40280 United States (US) Email: [email protected] Jesus denied to be GOD Almighty. Thank you. So it still seems that Theodore of Mopsuestia could have been correct. Because of this, and due to Thomas’ use of the definite article twice in the Greek as it reads in John 20:28, some scholars have questioned whether Thomas actually meant the second phrase to be applied to Jesus. Jesus was like “a god,” especially in the miraculous circumstances that prompted his exclamation. Bible Gateway Recommends. If Thomas was actually calling Jesus hO QEOS and hO KURIOS--it is strange that Thomas used the nominative forms of KURIOS and QEOS instead of the vocative. For many who hold the Trinity Doctrine, John 20:28 is clear cut. For many who hold the Trinity Doctrine, John 20:28 is clear cut. All rights reserved. In other words, the Father is not God. Is there any significance? This verse is one of the most used proof verses for the Trinity, so is the smoking gun verse for the Trinity? JOHN 20:28 - Bowman admits that this scripture is correctly translated in the NWT but includes it, like Is. The Granville Sharp first rule was the result of research by a man named Granville Sharp. Thus, Thomas realised that Jesus was God and, significantly, was not corrected despite the necessary corrections listed in other places such as Acts 10:25, 26, Rev 19:10, 22:8, 9. Is there any significance? Thomas, the Disciple, called Jesus "My Lord and my God" (John 20:28). John 20:1-18 Surprising Outcomes; John 20:11-18 Mary Magdalene - Hanging On; John 20:17 Jesus and His God; John 20:19-23 Who Can Forgive? John 20 Commentary; DAVID HOLWICK. 9:6 and 1 John 5:20, because the Watchtower Society interprets it in a non-trinitarian way! John 20:28 is the twenty-eighth verse of the twentieth chapter of the Gospel of John in the New Testament. In Greek this is how one would refer to two persons. John 20:1-18 Surprising Outcomes; John 20:11-18 Mary Magdalene - Hanging On; John 20:17 Jesus and His God; John 20:19-23 Who Can Forgive? (4) OMIT ο : B, ℓ339, Ancient Manuscripts, Early Versions, Patristic Citations, Lectionaries, & Online Textual Commentary of the Greek NT, 13. If Jesus was not God, but "a" god, then shouldn't Jesus have corrected Thomas? Jesus said he was greater than Moses. Theological FAQ Search [?] John 20:27 is the twenty-seventh verse of the twentieth chapter of the Gospel of John in the New Testament. 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