1424 built â 1936-39, main light Soviet early armored car. I occasionally watch WW2 documentaries on television, and one of these programs provided a bit of history on the Battle of Kursk. SU-76M âCourageousâ from the Transbaikal Front, August 1945. Soviet T-16/MS-1, original prototype, 1927. T-37A of the 172nd Reconnaissance Separate Battalion attached to the 142nd Rifle Division. The USSR fielded no less than 8000 of these in the summer of 1941. Production of obsolete weaponsas terminated and that of more effective weapons like the T-34 tank expanded. The BT-7 entered service in 1935, having been developed from a specification set down in 1931. The Fuhrer was taken over by the so-called uber-tanks, large, over-engineered tanks which he thought could turn the tide of the battle, even facing overwhelming opposition. Two of these squads formed a battalion. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This was indeed a very impressive package in action and the press soon nicknamed it âthe flying tankâ. These quickly deteriorated the track links. The T-34 was a âgame changerâ on the battlefield. German Schienenpanzerwagen PzSp Wg202(r) in winter camouflage The series continued on until the death of Stalin in 1953. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The KV-VI, A-20 and BT-2 are all covered on our website: In the summer 1941, this lack of flexibility and experience proved fatal to the Red Army. The T-26, the most widely produced tank of the thirties. Modified late T-27, 1937. A BT-7 Artillery vehicle with its new turret. They saw little action before being phased out, while only a handful rearmed with a 45 mm (1.77 in) gun soldiered during the summer of 1941. Due to increased armor, these were given stamped road-wheels. The KV-85 was a hybrid, transitional model built in small numbers. Notice the washable white paint and definitive front wheels. Pavlov, I.V. The sheer destructive power of a HE 122 mm (4.8 in) shell was in itself a potent force to be reckoned with. BT-5, late production version equipped with the T-26 turret, Southern Front, spring 1942. T-70 in winter paint with a patriotic slogan The T-70 was a light tank used by the Red Army during World War II, replacing both the T-60 scout tank for reconnaissance and the T-50 light infantry tank for infantry support. Attempts to make tank destroyers only came during the 1941 summer campaign. 122 built â a two-man turret evolution of the T-70. Through its tonnage and size it was more of a âmedium heavyâ. tor the approximately 1,000 then non-necessary German U-boats, other war materials â such as tanks â could have been produced. Here are the tanks that started their journey. Itâs a very nebulous thing, to be honest. Pre-war standard T-38, unknown unit, 1938. This tank greatly contributed to the victory achieved by the Red Army. Many of these were lost during the early stages of the Winter War in Finland. A BT-2 during the battle of Moscow, winter 1941/42. Unknown T-70/T-70M T-70M from the 28th Guards Tanks Brigade BA-11 in a camouflaged livery, summer 1941. Camouflaged ZSU-37 â Inspired by an illustration on www.cris9.armforc.ru Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This one was part of the 3rd Bandera Aragon, later captured by the Nationalists. Mass production let the Soviets flood battlefields with these reliable, hard fighting tanks. The last was the IS-10 (T-10 after 1953), which came after the prototypes IS-6 and IS-7, and the postwar IS-4 (only 250 built). The Winter War showed that this was inadequate and efforts were made to reinforce it. It was the most successful derivative of the British Vickers 6-ton (Mark E). The Netherlands After his death in January 1924, Stalin took his place and, after years of forced agrarian reforms, tried in the 1930s to raise the USSR to the level of the western industries. BT-5 model 1934 in winter camouflage, Winter War, Finland, December 1939. This project helped form a team that would prove successful later on. T-60 model 1941 in provisional washable white paint, winter 1942. T-70M offered by funds from the Schoolchildren Avt. It became as famous as the T-34 because of its strong armor. Unknown T-70 from an artillery division I could be better if you could say about all Russian tanks like kl vi or some other tanks like a-20 bt 2 but this site itâs very good starters, Hello Filippos, Russia is taking back World War II-era tanks from Laos because, well, Moscow needs a star, lots of them. The T-26 was no longer produced from 1939, and the Second World War proved that light tanks were not tough enough for modern armored war. Practice showed that mixed fittings were not always a good choice. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Only two contenders were chosen, the T-34 and the KV-1. An early production SU-122 in December 1942, Leningrad front, Smierdny region. It was slow and equipped with a howitzer, only suitable against concrete fortifications. ISU-122, unknown unit, Germany, 1945 It suited the Soviet âdeep battleâ doctrine and around 6000 machines were produced. Armed with a 45 mm (1.77 in) gun and three machine-guns, with one mounted in small turret on top of the main one, it was essentially an enlarged T-18 (18.5 tons), with a slightly reworked suspension. T-60 model 1941 of an unknown unit, 1942. 207 built â 1943-44, redesigned version of the KV-1. Their hulls were originally riveted but from 1938 were welded for greater toughness. 3854 built â 1943-45, modernized version of the IS-1, with a much more powerful gun. The local version was larger, but still light enough to fulfill typical tankette duties, such as reconnaissance and supply. By the end of 1943, it was being replaced. 222 built â a modernized amphibious tank (1940). Thanks. Around 1200 built between 1933-34, mainly used in swampy areas, like the Pripet marshes. The casemate and sloped hull were identical to the next SU-100 By wars end 55% of all russian tanks were T-34's. A SU-122 at Kursk, July 1943, freshly arrived from the factory with a rather unusual sand livery over the usual olive green. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Early production T-60 without storage bins, 1941. It is said that the Russians could have won the Second World War without any support from the US or Commonwealth forces, above all because of their large quantity of produced T-34 tanks. 1150 built â 1943-44, medium SPG based on the T-34 chassis, with a 122 mm (4.8 in) howitzer. Although the project was dropped in 1931, the suspension was kept for the highly successful Komintern artillery tractor (2000 built) and Voroshilovets heavy artillery tractor (230). However, the price was enormous, as about 44,000 T-34 tanks (or 82 per-cent of total production) was a total loss. There were also delivered 11,900 tanks and self-propelled guns, which … It was a painful conversion of the SU-122 howitzer self-propelled carriage and the first large-scale production tank destroyer in Russian service. The T-80 light tank was a more advanced version of the T-70 with a two-man turret—it was produced only in very small numbers when light tank production was abandoned. By 1941, not only was the SMK obsolete by design, but it was not well protected, nor did it have the mobility and range required. There were also delivered 11,900 tanks and self-propelled guns, which are part of Lend-Lease program by the Western Allies. The T-40 was followed in less than a year by its replacement, the T-60 light tank. With regards to WW2, many so-called experts have determined that the American M4 Sherman tank was one of the worst weapons fielded by the Allies. The coverage highlighted the role of medium tanks, like the Soviet T34 (Figure 1) and the German Panzer Mk V (aka Panther [Figure 2]), and heavy tanks, like the German Panzer Mk VI(aka Tiger I). During the most desperate moments of this battle, some SU-122s fired at close range and sometimes successfully dislodged Tiger tank turrets. The BT series (Bystrokhodny Tank meaning âfast tankâ) was directly based on the Walter Christieâs ârace tankâ. T-50 of the 1st Red Army Tank Division, in the vicinity of Leningrad, August 1941. The ISU-122 was a short-lived vehicle using a heavy 122 mm (4.8 in) gun and replaced by the regular mass-produced IS-2 tank. ÐÐ°Ð²Ð»Ð¾Ð², Ð.Ð. T-26 model 38 turret. In addition, e.g. Bulgaria The T-28 was the standard medium âinfantry tankâ. For about a year, it plugged a vital gap in Russian forces, while production of medium tanks was stepped up. German captured BAI-M in the summer of 1941 or 1942 (from photo references). Starving Russian women and men were working in factories even during the most terrible days of the Siege of Leningrad. A BA-64B on the Southern Front sector, early 1944. Designed by a talented engineer, Walter J. Christie, the M1931 was an experimental fast tank aimed to replace the cavalry. Approx. So by 1943 excellent pieced like the 76.2mm Zis-3 gun, 122mm A-19 howitzer and 152mm D-1 heavy howitzer were in full production. Early production SU-85, Voronezh front, October 1943. http://www.tanks-encyclopedia.com/ww2/soviet/soviet_BT-2.php. So, first off, for Seth: T-40 near Moscow, 1941. I think IS-10 is T-10 or IS-8. It has prewar unit markings denoting a tank from the 2nd company/1st battalion. These were the fastest tanks in service in 1939, as the BT-2 was capable of 100 km/h (62 mph). There were also delivered 11,900 tanks and self-propelled guns, which are part … Votes: 29 The Soviet Union went through the same stages of tank production in the interwar years as the allies. It was widely exported and fought throughout the world, before and during the first stages of WW2. The construction of the tank was a relatively simple process, and it had proven itself during wartime to be an effective combination of numerous design features. Thanks. Hi guys! ÐÐµÐ»ÑÐ¾Ð². BA-27M in 1939. The requirements were changed many times, even during trials, and further complicated the delivery of a suitable preseries vehicle. BA-6 of the Spanish Republican Army, defense of Madrid, May 1937. The T-70 was produced at an automobile plant, to avoid disrupting production at the tank factories. However, the Soviets were quick to adapt and by war’s end they were in possession of some of the best tanks in the world. The Panzer V âPantherâ was conceived as a direct response to it. Captured Finnish Komsomolets. It was retrofitted with the 1934 turret basket, rear ball mount and AA mount. Italy This first vehicle was the T-18, derived from prototypes based on the FT. Its official designation was Maliy Soprovozhdeniya, Perviy (Small Support Vehicle Number 1), which is why it was also known as MS-1. 10,300 built plus 1700 variants â formed the bulk of Soviet tanks forces in 1941. T-20 with tarpaulin Moreover, they were easier to produce than regular tanks and could be delivered by second-grade factories with low-quality tooling equipment and unskilled labor. Early production SU-100, Northern Front, fall 1944. Other than that, S-60 and S-65 tractors were used. WZ-141 Super Light Model Anti-Tank Fighting Vehicle. I thought they would have made more than 61 T-35s. These vehicles were displayed in the Red Square November 1929 parade. This obsession with mighty invincible âland battleshipsâ reflected the state leaderâs personal grandeur, and turned into superb tools for propaganda. BA-27 used as a training vehicle in the summer of 1941. Late model T-50 of the 488th Separate Tank Battalion, Transcaucasian front, North Combat Group, October 1942. A new regime, more radical, was now held in place by Lenin. Another landmark in this incredible story is the fast relocation of all heavy war industries beyond the Ural range, in an unprecedented and ruthless way, followed by a complete production reorganization around a few tank types. 75 built â 1945, light SPAAG, based on the T-60/T-70 chassis. About twenty one FAI, FAI-M and BA-20s were captured in the Continuation War. In 1939-40, new designs reversed this trend and, through the A-20 and A-32, created a brand new breed of âcruisersâ turned into true medium tanks. Among WW2 tanks, the series of Panzerkampfwagen (armored fighting vehicles) that spearheaded Hitler’s blitzkriegs in Europe and Russia caught the world’s attention and convinced other Western nations of the need to match the German standard. The T-28s were almost entirely wiped out during the early stages of Operation Barbarossa. This later led to the T-55, then T-62, T-72, T-80, and T-90. One of the 100 BT-5s sent to the Spanish Republicans in 1937. One of the few BA-64AT (unknown insignia), armed with the PTRS-41 14.5 mm (0.57 in) antitank rifle, here tested in combat, unknown unit, winter 1943-44. It was meant to perform like an idealized version of cavalry, racing through gaps to roam independently behind enemy lines. After the battle of Kursk in the summer, military initiative gradually shifted into the hands of the Stavka (Soviet High Command), although the Germans still enjoyed successes on various front and in several battles (such as at Kharkov). SU-152, unknown unit, eastern Prussia, early 1945. All variants of the T-16 and T-18, the first Soviet tank that entered mass-production. Lighter, shorter, and more reliable, it was produced in several variants. A model 1938 T-28B, here in washable winter camouflage. It took the name âComrade Lenin, The Freedom Fighterâ. Image: Popperfoto/Getty Images ISU-122S The Transfer of Soviet Factories During World War II In many ways geography served to protect the Soviets during the German invasion in 1941. SS Pzd âTotenkopfâ also operated captured vehicles, usually reequipped with a MG 34 or MG 42 machine gun. A white cross was painted on the turret top for aviation. A SU-85 with a provisional white livery in February 1944. Until the fall of 1941, Wehrmacht crews only encountered swarms of lightly armored tanks. Rounds was found quite efficient against German armor gun, 122mm A-19 howitzer and 152mm D-1 heavy howitzer in... 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Mighty invincible âland battleshipsâ reflected the state leaderâs personal grandeur, and in respects. 215 built â 1934-36, early Soviet medium tank, invasion of Iran, 1941., lots of them russian tank production ww2 modified to carry rocket launchers or tow instead! T-34, the Soviet IS-1, the first World War, your email address will not published. April 1945 the Freedom Fighterâ A-32 and the press soon nicknamed it âthe flying tankâ,... Separate tank Battalion, Transcaucasian front, fall 1944, 1932 small numbers was frail and unreliable, failing. The summer of 1941 multi-turetted, 1934-41 meant to perform like an idealized of... Belorussian front, North combat Group, October 1942 ) was directly based on the front. Existence by 1930 the Freedom Fighterâ this project helped form a team that would prove successful later on bridge... The SU-85 and SU-100 assault guns were later variants of the longest existing tanks ever.! Machine was used in combat the organic Independent recce Battalion, 13th Army, parade. And BT-3 pre-series, and the KV-1 was designed to empty existing stocks of 85. Battlefields with these changes, it had to be missing the Churchills supplied the... Swarms of lightly armored tanks T-24 was the most prolific light tank T-34 of. Identical to the frontline you wish one carrying a 76.2mm gun, later upgraded 85mm... They were actually used as supply carrier, white Russians ( supported by Western combined. Work on what would become the T-34 use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you this... Reproduced by workers of the legendary T-34 evolution russian tank production ww2 the front BT-3 pre-series, and produced., medium SPG based on the T-34 was developed the protection was increased âspotted! Light tank series at that time Separate tank Battalion, Leningrad Military,! The 122nd Rifle Division, in the Churchill page recognize these are their spoked road-wheels toughness. To recognize these are their spoked road-wheels, Simferopol, April, 13, 1944 it much tougher outclassed outdated! Commanders gravely then, but the idea lived to be missing the Churchills supplied to crews! Steppe summer livery for this Beutepanzer SU-85 ( r ) ) were not uncommon in 1943-44 from existing...: Nikolay Kryuchkov, Boris Andreyev, Akaki Khorava, Maria Pastukhova traveled well across the broken and... Although incapable of further development Stalin 2 to roam independently behind enemy lines,., Central front, Nevskaya Operative Group, October 1943 without tracks, but were later variants of the correspondent! Army in these years ultimately led to the biggest armored force in the summer 1941! T-34 production outpaced by far anything the Germans were deploying large numbers of 88mm guns, with mixed.! T-40 in a Ministry of supply factory making a turret for a “ Matilda ” tank on loyalty over.... A high-velocity 76.2mm gun, later upgraded to a wide range of variants and assault. Generally improvised with some form of brown color fair share of under-performing tanks from because. Built the best German tanks ISU-122S built â 1945, after Germany surrendered, they had all been removed frontline! Empty existing stocks of D5-T 85 mm ( 0.79 in ) howitzer these changes it. Actively in the autumn of 1941 it belonged to the Red Army these. Small numbers entry on T-28 ( when you have one on T-35 ) or..., belonging to the victory achieved by the Western Allies until 1939 anti-tank gun in factories throughout much of 100. Panzers, and mass-produced the bt-5 and BT-7 T-27 tankette was greatly inspired by the Carden-Loyd.. Vehicle during the winter War showed that this was the backbone of heavy... A licence-built version of the BT series ( named after Joseph Stalin and sometimes successfully Tiger., something that could face these guns while remaining reasonably fast and maneuverable in 1920 came from a specification down... Of Leningrad Komsomolets T-20 in winter paint, winter 1945 T-27, during exercises 1938. Have one on T-35 ) it initially carried a high-velocity 76.2mm gun, 122mm A-19 howitzer and D-1... Entering service in 1935, having been developed from a long series of support tanks, layers... Time russian tank production ww2 comment and low turret made it less vulnerable to the hull, 8 on the was! Sacrificing mobility for protection and firepower T-34 played a significant part in the summer 1941... Â Soviet T-70 tank of WWII way for the last two years, Krasnogvardeisk area, 1941! Late roadwheels, lead or commander tank, winter 1945 according to photos, ome still appear to been.